"I research how and why individuals join and leave Islamist extremist groups."
Julie Chernov Hwang
Associate ProfessorPolitical Science and International Relations
Julie Chernov Hwang is an associate professor of political science and international relations in the Center for People, Politics and Markets at Goucher College. She was a 2012 Luce South East Asia Fellow at the East West Center and currently serves as Managing Editor of Asian Security. She is the author of Peaceful Islamist Mobilization in the Muslim World: What Went Right, published by Palgrave in 2009; Umat Bergerak: Mobilisasi Damai Kaum Islamis di Indonesia, Malaysia dan Turki, published by Freedom Institute in 2011; and the co-editor of Islamist Parties and Political Normalization in the Muslim World, published by the University of Pennsylvania Press in 2014. Her articles have been published in Terrorism and Political Violence, Asian Survey, Asia-Pacific Issues, Southeast Asia Research, and Nationalism and Ethnic Politics. Her book monograph, Why Terrorists Quit: the Disengagement of Indonesian Jihadists, is forthcoming from Cornell University Press in February 2018. Her special issue of Terrorism and Political Violence entitled Pathways into Terrorism: Joining Islamist Extremist Groups in Asia will also be forthcoming in 2018. Her new research program will highlight the processes and pathways by which Indonesians and Malaysians are joining Islamist extremist groups.
Research, Scholarship, Creative Work in Progress
I am embarking on a new research agenda exploring the processes and pathways via which Indonesians and Malaysians are joining Islamist extremist groups. The project, in particular, examines the role of relationships (friendships, kinship ties, mentor-mentee ties, online relationships) on the initial decision to join, to commit to the group, and to participate in a jihad experience or an act of terrorism.
Why Terrorists Quit: The Disengagement of Indonesian Jihadists. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Forthcoming February 2018
Islamist Parties and Political Normalization in the Muslim World, Edited by Julie Chernov Hwang and Quinn Mecham. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press © 2014
Peaceful Islamist Mobilization in the Muslim World: What Went Right. New York: Palgrave Press © 2009- paperback December 2011 with new epilogue.
Umat Bergerak: Mobilisasi Damai Kaum Islamis di Indonesia, Malaysia dan Turki. Jakarta: Freedom Institute © 2011
“The Disengagement of Indonesian Jihadists: Understanding the Pathways.” Terrorism and Political Violence. Summer 2015.
"When We Were Separated, We Began to Think for Ourselves Again: the Disengagement of Jihadis in Poso, Indonesia," Asian Survey 53:4 July/August 2013 (co-authored w/ with Rizal Panggabean and Ihsan Ali Fauzi)
"When Parties Swing: Islamist Parties and Institutional Moderation in Malaysia and Indonesia," Southeast Asia Research, Vol 18. No. 4. December 2010
"Legislating Separation and Solidarity in Plural Societies: The Chinese in Indonesia and Malaysia," Nationalism and Ethnic Politics. Vol 16. Issue 2. April 2010 (co-authored with Kamal Sadiq)
"Islamic Mobilization and the Malaysian State," Katha: The Official Journal of the Centre for Civilizational Dialogue. Vol 3. No 1. 2007
"Plural Society Revisited: Chinese-Indigenous Relations in Southeast Asia." Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Vol 9, No.2, 2003
“Jihadist Disengagement from Violence: Understanding the Contributing Factors.” RSIS Commentaries CO16139. June 9, 2016
“There and Back Again: Indonesian Fighters in Syria.” Middle East Asia Project. January 24, 2015
"Patterns of Normalization: The Behavior of Islamist Political Parties in Indonesia" to be published in Playing by the Rules: Islamist Parties in Asia and the Middle East, Edited by Julie Chernov Hwang and Quinn Mecham. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press © 2014
“Terrorism in Perspective: An Assessment of Jihad Project Trends in Indonesia” Asia-Pacific Issues #104, September 2012
"Islamic Identity, Yes, Islamist Parties, No: The Mainstreaming of Political Islam and its Challenge for Islamist Parties in Indonesia" in The Multicultural Dilemma: Migration, Ethnic Politics and State Intermediation. Ed. Michelle Williams, London: Routledge. © 2012
"Education and Social Cohesion in Malaysia and Indonesia," in Religious Diversity and Civil Society: A Comparative Analysis. Ed. Bryan Turner. Oxford: Bardwell Press. © 2008
External Awards, Honors, Grants
Smith Richardson Grant to study the processes via which Indonesians and Malaysians are joining Islamist extremist groups ($190,500) (2017-2019)
Crosby Grant, Goucher College, ($1500), (Summer 2015, 2011)
Summer Faculty Research Grant, Goucher College, ($3500), (Summer 2012)
US-Indonesia Society Travel Grant for research in Central Sulawesi ($2500) Summer 2011
Conference Papers & Panel Participation
“Why They Join: Indonesian Participation in Islamist Extremist Movements.” Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting, March 16-19, 2017.
“Pathways to Entry: Joining a Terrorist Group in Indonesia.” International Studies Association, Baltimore, MD, February 16-19, 2017
“The Importance of Belonging: The Relationship between Joining ISIS and Affiliation,” International Studies Association Annual Meeting. Atlanta, Georgia, March 16-19, 2016
“The Role of the State and Civil Society in Disengagement Initiatives,” Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting. Seattle, WA, March 30-April 3, 2016
“We Need to Make Friends, Not Create Enemies: Why Jihadis Turn Away from Terror Tactics.” Association for Asian Studies in Asia, July 17-19, 2014, Singapore
“Life Histories of Radicalization and Disengagement amid the Ambon and Poso Conflicts : A Tale of Four Jihadis.” Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting, March 27-30, 2014, Philadelphia, PA
“Introduction: Reconsidering Violence: The Disengagement of Indonesian Jihadists,” International Studies Association, San Francisco, CA, April 4-7, 2013
“Islamic Identity, Yes, Islamist Parties, No: The Mainstreaming of Political Islam and its Challenge for Islamist Parties in Indonesia” International Political Science Association, Madrid, Spain, July 8-12, 2012
“The Disengagement of Indonesian Jihadists: Understanding the Pathways.” Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting, Toronto, Canada, March 16-18, 2012
“Reconsidering Amaliyat: The Disengagement of Militants from Jemaah Islamiyah and KOMPAK” presented at the conference on Indonesian Terrorism in a Global Context, Australia National University, Canberra, ACT, December 5-6, 2011
“When We Were Separated, We Began to Think for Ourselves Again: the Disengagement of Jihadis in Poso, Indonesia,” (co-authored w/ with Rizal Panggabean and Ihsan Ali Fauzi), Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, March 31-April 4, 2011
“What Affects the Electoral Success of Islamist Parties? Explaining the Divergent Trajectories of the PKS in Indonesia and the AKP in Turkey.” (co-authored with Quinn Mecham) Association for Asian Studies, March 25-28, 2010, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
“Disengaging Indonesian Jihadists: What Works.” Lecture at the US-Indonesia Society. July 20, 2016
“Disengagement in the Indonesian Jihadist Community: Jemaah Islamiyah, Mujahidin KOMPAK and Tanah Runtuh.” RS Rajaratnam School for International Studies. Singapore. June 10, 2016
“Reconsidering Violence: The Disengagement of Indonesian Jihadists. Center for Middle East Studies and Global Peace at the State Islamic University-Syarif Hidayatullah, Ciputat, Indonesia and at UNISMA, Bekasi, Indonesia, June 2015
“Islamist Political Parties in the Middle East and Asia.” Brookings Institution. October 2014.
“Patterns of Disengagement among Indonesian Jihadists,” Institute for International Peace Building, January 18, 2012 Jakarta, Indonesia
“Relationships, Rational Analysis and Random Acts of Kindness: The Disengagement of Militants from Central Sulawesi,” Indonesia Studies Group, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, December 7, 2011
“Counter-Terrorism Strategy in Indonesia: Adapting to a Changed Threat.” US-Indonesia Society, Washington DC, Thursday, November 17, 2011
“Assessing Violence: The Disengagement of Indonesian Jihadis,” East West Center, Washington DC, Tuesday, November 15, 2011.
Academic or Professional Associations
International Studies Association
Association for Asian Studies
Women in International Security
- Image associated with "Associate Professor Julie Chernov Hwang Discusses Her New Book "Why Terrorists Quit""March 15, 2018
Through interviews with current and former leaders and followers of radical Islamist groups in Indonesia, Hwang's book examines why terrorists decide to leave their organizations of terror and how the state can help them reintegrate into nonterrorist society.