Carla Barqueiro

Assistant ProfessorInternational Relations

Carla Barqueiro has a BA and MA in Sociology from McGill University in Montreal, Canada, and a PhD in International Politics from Aberystwyth University in the UK. She has held positions in academia at the University of Baltimore, in the public sector at the Canadian Mission to the Organization of American States (OAS) in Washington, DC, and in the non-profit sector at the Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies. She teaches on Theory and Methods in International Relations, Human Security, Mass Atrocity Prevention, and Comparative Politics. Her current research is focused on human security norms, specifically the Responsibility to Protect.

Show more or less of the faculty member's bio

Research, Scholarship, Creative Work in Progress

I have been developing my expertise in the area of human security for several years. Human security approaches reconstitute the concept of security by placing the individual at the core of security analyses, where human beings, rather than the state, become the core referent objects. As such, human security approaches elevate the priority given to specific threats to the lives and wellbeing of human beings, and can include a wide array of potential harms, including pandemic disease; famine; physical violence; political repression; environmental degradation; poverty; and diminished access to health care, education, and employment. Much of my current work focuses on the principle of responsibility to protect (R2P). This global norm was developed in 2001 when the global community was faced with questions surrounding its moral and legal obligations to intervene to save the lives of citizens facing the most egregious mass atrocity crimes, including war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide, often at the hands of state governments. Since the adoption of R2P by the United Nations in 2005, there have been many questions surrounding its operationalization by different actors, the various localization processes that have given the norm various regional characteristics, and its persistently contested nature among non-interventionist states and organizations. I have tried to add to this discourse and further knowledge in the area of normative life-cycles, specifically geared towards understanding how and under what conditions norms develop and enable concerted action to end mass atrocities.

Publications

Books

Chalk, Frank, and Romeo Dallaire, Kyle Matthews, Carla Barqueiro, & Simon Doyle. (2010). Mobilizing the Will to Intervene: Leadership to Prevent Mass Atrocities. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

Book Chapters

Barqueiro, Carla.  (2018). “When Outsiders Are Threats: How to Move beyond a Culture of Fear to a Shared Sense of Humanity”, in Samuel Totten (ed) Last Lectures on the Prevention and Intervention of Genocide. NY: Routledge.

Journal Articles

Barqueiro, Carla, and Kate Seaman, and KT Towey. (2016). “Regional Organizations and Responsibility to Protect: Normative Reframing or Normative Change?”, Politics and Governance 4(3): 37-49.

Policy Papers

Barqueiro, Carla. “Children in Endemic Urban Violence: Human Security and the ‘Protection Gap.’” Ottawa: DFAIT, 2008.

Barqueiro, Carla. “Human Security: An Examination of Urban Violent Crime in Rio de Janeiro & São Paulo.” Ottawa: DFAIT, 2006. 

Works in Progress

Seaman, Kate and Barqueiro, Carla. (2018). “Ethics of Humanitarian Intervention in Unpredictable Times” (in preparation)

Seaman, Kate and Barqueiro, Carla. (2018). “Framing Interventions in an Uncertain World” (in preparation)

Media

Conference Papers & Panel Participation

International Studies Association-NE Branch Conference, Providence, RI (November, 2017)

Presented co-authored research paper "Ethics of Intervention in Unpredictable Times"

International Studies Association NE Branch Conference, Baltimore, MD (November, 2016)

Presented co-authored research paper “The Responsibility to Protect: Bridging the Gap between Norm Localization and Universality”

Western Political Science Association (WPSA) Human Rights Conference, San Diego, CA (March 24-26, 2016)

Presented co-authored research paper “Regional Approaches to the Responsibility to Protect: Divergences in application of R2P in Syria and Libya”

International Studies Association Annual Conference, New Orleans, LA, February (February 18-21, 2015)

Presented research paper “Human Security Norms: Global Acceptance and Regional Divergence”

International Studies Association-Human Rights Conference Istanbul, Turkey (June 16-18, 2014)

Presented research paper “The Responsibility to Lament: Human Rights and the Arab Spring”

Academic or Professional Associations

Member of the International Studies Association (ISA)

Member of the American Political Science Association (APSA)

Member of the Canadian Political Science Association (CPSA)

2017-present: Board Member, Board of Governors, International Studies Association-Northeast