Erol Altug has a B.A. in Biology, Secondary Education and an M.Div. After two years of part-time teaching at Trinity College, Erol worked for 20 years at the elite Robert College of Istanbul (RC, the oldest American school abroad, is a highly academic, co-educational prep school for Turkish youth), where he introduced and coordinated the first Advanced Placement (AP) program in Turkey. In 2001, he and his family moved to The Stony Brook School on Long Island, NY (a private, co-educational prep school), where he serves as science department chair. Erol is actively involved with the AP program nationally and internationally. During the grading of the AP Biology exam, he has served as a reader, table leader, and as a question leader. He is a consultant for The College Board and has presented at one-day teacher workshops, multi-day events, and Advanced Placement Summer Institutes both in the USA and abroad.
Jim Bohan is a retired assessment specialist and member of the core team of the Pennsylvania Value-added Assessment System. Jim also has served as the chair of the core team of the Pennsylvania Standards-Aligned System in Mathematics. He is a veteran of 38 years of high school mathematics teaching and has served as a K-12 mathematics coordinator in two school systems. Jim has been an adjunct instructor of mathematics and statistics at several colleges and universities in Illinois and his present home of Pennsylvania. Jim is a consultant to the College Board for AP Calculus and AP Statistics. He has served as a reader for both calculus and statistics and as a table leader for statistics. In addition, he has served on the AP Statistics Test Development Committee. He continues to be a frequent presenter at National Council of Teachers of Mathematics and National Council of Supervisors of Mathematics annual meetings. Jim has published numerous manuscripts dealing with issues of mathematics and statistics education, data-informed decision making, assessment, and other topics. He also has published his syllabus in the AP Statistics Teachers’ Guide, an AP Statistics Review through Amsco School Publishing, and the Mathematics Chapter for the ASCD Curriculum Handbook. Jim has earned an M.A. in mathematics from Loyola University in Chicago, and an M.S. in applied statistics at Villanova University in Philadelphia, PA. He also has completed successfully a doctoral program in educational leadership from Immaculata University, PA.
William Bryan Borah
Bryan Borah teaches AP English Language and Composition and Literature and Composition in the Fairfax County Public Schools, Fairfax, Virginia. He participated in the writing of the first English Vertical Teams text and contributed to the second edition. His association with the College Board as a consultant began in 1992. He has read the Language exam for nine years and has taught many summers at English AP institutes in both the Southwest and Southern Regions of the College Board. In addition to his duties as department chairman at Centreville High School in Clifton, Virginia and teaching AP Literature and Composition and AP Language and Composition classes, for the past three years he has taught English 11 Honors online for Fairfax County Public Schools. And last year, Bryan held online Saturday preparation sessions with AP Language and Composition students in Colorado. This coming fall he will conduct an online AP English Language and Composition institute for teachers in Colorado.
Donald Connor has taught AP Latin courses since 1971 and 32 at Trinity School in New York City until 2015. He has been an AP consultant since the mid-1980s, giving one-day and extended workshops in the greater New York area and in other parts of the country as well. He has been an AP reader since 1991, with an occasional break, and also has served on the Test Development Committee from 2000 to 2004. Donald was head of the Classics Department at Trinity from 1984 to 2015, is an adjunct professor at Montclair State University, was vice president of the American Classical League for two terms, is a trustee of the Vergilian Society, has served as a regional representative for the Classical Association of the Atlantic States, and has been vice president of the New York Classical Club. He graduated from Fordham University and earned graduate degrees in Classics at Yale University.
Bruce Damasio served as a reader for the AP Economics exam from 1989 to 2009 and conducts numerous training sessions for teachers across the mid-Atlantic region and nation. He taught for 28 years at Liberty High School in Maryland and was social studies department chair for 25 of those years. He is the past president of GATE, an organization for economics teachers worldwide and is a two-time board member of the National Council for the Social Studies, as well as a past president of the Maryland Council for the Social Studies. Since 1991, Bruce has worked with the Maryland Council for Economic Education as a teacher trainer and is currently teaching at Towson University in the M.A.T. program and with social studies methods classes.
Rita Davis was born in Clermont Ferrand, France. She has taught Middle and Upper School French for the last 30 years. She serves as a consultant to the College Board, presenting workshops for new and experienced teachers of AP French. Over the last couple of years, Rita has presented workshops in Philadelphia, New York, New Jersey, Maryland, Switzerland, and Las Vegas (National AP Conference- summer of 2013). She has served as an AP exam reader for many years and was appointed a table leader in June 2012. Since the implementation of the newly-designed AP French Language and Culture exam, she has reviewed content for various publishers (Barons, Pearson, and Vista in Higher Learning) who are developing new texts for the AP Exam. Rita served as co-president of the Philadelphia Chapter of the American Association of the Teachers of French from 2009-2013, and she is currently a member of the executive council. Rita is serving a three-year term as vice-president of the American Association of French.
José M. Díaz is a Spanish teacher at Hunter College High School in New York City. He has served as a member and chair of the AP Spanish Language and Literature Committee; and as a table leader and question leader for the scoring of the AP examination. He has led workshops throughout the United States and Europe and continues to be a consultant for the College Board. He also has written guides and articles for several College Board publications. He is the co-author of AP Spanish: Preparing for the Language and Culture Examination, Abriendo paso: Temas y lecturas, Abriendo paso: Gramática, Listening Comprehension Skills for Intermediate Students, SAT Subject Test: Spanish, and ¡En marcha!, among others.
Alan Feldman is a teacher of AP Psychology, History, and Mathematics at Glen Rock High School in Glen Rock, NJ. Since 1993, Alan has taught dozens of one-day, week-long, and month-long AP Psychology workshops for the College Board. He also has instructed or co-instructed psychology workshops at the University of Northern Kentucky, Fordham, Stanford, Texas A&M, Rutgers, and others. Formerly an adjunct professor of psychology at Middlesex County College, Alan currently is an adjunct professor at Bergen Community County College. He has been an AP reader continuously since the exam’s inception in 1992 and a table leader since 2003. He is author of over 50 articles on the teaching of psychology and wrote the AP Psychology teachers’ course perspective for AP Central. He is a former member of the AP psychology test development committee (2001-2005) as well as a recipient of the 1994 Moffet Teaching Award for high school psychology and the 2003 Princeton University Distinguished Secondary Teaching Award. He has a graduate degree in psychology from Teachers’ College, Columbia University. His hobbies are table tennis, biking, reading, and collecting psychology videotapes and DVDs.
Starting his teaching career in Australia in 1975, Reg Hahne immigrated to America and continued his career in the Howard County Public School System, where he retired in 2013. He now shares his expertise as a consultant to the College Board and Howard County Public School System. With 37 years of experience as a classroom teacher, Reg’s expertise covers the gamut of instructional levels and disciplines from kindergarten through college. Reg has been an AP reader and College Board consultant for over a decade. He was also a member of the AP Development Committee (APCSA) from 2002 to 2006.
Geri Hastings serves as a university supervisor of Social Studies student teachers for the University of Maryland, Baltimore County and as a College Board mentor for both AP U.S. History teachers and AP U.S. History consultants. Prior to this she taught high school social studies in Baltimore County for 39 years, a career which included teaching AP U.S. History and serving as Social Studies department chairman at Catonsville High School. The National Council for the Social Studies named her Outstanding Secondary Social Studies Teacher of the Year for 2003-2004, and the Daughters of the American Revolution named her Outstanding National U.S. History Teacher of the Year for 2004-2005. Ms. Hastings has taught the AP U.S. History Summer Institutes at Goucher College in Maryland since 1995, and has conducted AP and Pre-AP summer institutes for Texas Christian University, Wilkes University in Pennsylvania, the University of the Virgin Islands, St. Croix, the Bellevue, WA School District, the University of Louisville, Montgomery College, Harbin, China, Taipei, Taiwan, and the American School of Doha, Qatar. She is also a question leader for the AP U.S. History Reading and a workshop consultant for College Board programs in AP U.S. History and Pre-AP Social Studies. A member of the steering committee for the AP National Conferences in 2012 and 2013, she served as a member of the Advanced Placement (AP®) U.S. History Curriculum Development & Assessment Committee (CDAC) and the Advanced Placement (AP®) U.S. History Test Development Committee from 2007-2015. In addition, she has created and presented a number of online and face-to-face workshops and programs. Ms. Hastings graduated summa cum laude with a degree in U.S. history from St. Bonaventure University, Olean, New York and received a Masters’ Degree plus 60 credits in U.S. History from New York University.
John Hnatow, Jr.
John Hnatow taught chemistry for 36 years at Emmaus High School in the East Penn School District, Emmaus, PA, where he also was chairperson of the science department. John is an experienced AP Chemistry and Pre-AP science consultant, a chemistry workshop leader, an AP exam reader, table and question leader, and currently is serving on the AP Chemistry Development Committee. He is co-chair of the AP Chemistry Redesign Committee, a College Board Advisor, and has been a member of the College Board’s Science Academic Advisory Committee. John is a mentor teacher for the New Orleans public and charter schools and has presented Saturday sessions for both the National Science and Mathematics Initiative (NMSI) program and the REACH program. He is also a Dreyfus master teacher and was team leader of the WWNFF CHEM4 Chemistry team, with which he presented over 27 weeklong TORCH institutes for chemistry teachers throughout the country. He has presented numerous topics at APAC, ACS meetings and Chem Ed conferences and also has performed demonstrations at the Flinn-sponsored “An Incredible Evening of Chemistry” during an NSTA meeting in Boston. His notable national honors include being a Discovery Center Science Teacher Hall of Fame Inductee, and a recipient of the CMA Catalyst Award, the Tandy Technology Scholars Award, and the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science Teaching.
Thomas Hoch has taught all levels of physics for the past 20 years in New Castle County DE; first at Archmere Academy, and currently at the Tower Hill School where he is the chair of the science department. Tom has presented about 50 of these week-long AP summer institutes starting in the summer of 1999. He has also been a reader for the AP Physics exam and has been trained in the teaching of the AP Physics I and II courses as well as the teaching of critical thinking in physics. .
Kevin Howard has taught English for 26 years in Fairfax County, VA. Over the past 15 years, he has presented College Board seminars on teaching the AP Language and AP English Literature courses, analytical reading strategies, and pre-AP English curriculum and development. He has also been a reader for the AP English Language and Composition exam. Recently, he has worked as part of the REACH and VASS programs, which attempt to bring the rich AP English curriculum to urban and rural high schools. Additionally, he has published an article in the most recent College Board curriculum development series on argument analysis. He has presented at the National AP Convention in 2009 and 2015.
Dr. Gail Kaplan is a Professor in the Department of Mathematics at Towson University. Her primary research interest is the development and dissemination of active approaches to learning mathematics. She has published a variety of articles in the use of projects in the secondary classroom. Dr. Kaplan has active nationally in mathematics education. She has served on the Middle States Advisory Council of the College Board, served as an AP reader in calculus for more than twelve years including leadership roles as a table leader and a member of a question team. Dr. Kaplan has provided workshops for teachers in the United States and Europe. As a College Board consultant Dr. Kaplan has trained many teachers in both one day and weeklong workshops. In the middle of her career, Dr. Kaplan taught for a decade at the high school level where her students earned extraordinary scores on their national AP Calculus examinations. During that time she was awarded a Presidential Award for Excellence in the Teaching of Mathematics for her work in the secondary classroom as well as an award from the Maryland Senate in honor of her efforts to “make a difference in the delivery of mathematical techniques in the classroom." After returning to full time university teaching, her work in the college classroom led to a Maryland Council of Teachers of Mathematics Award for outstanding college mathematics teachers. She shares her passion for innovative, creative teaching by infecting prospective teachers at Towson University and inservice teachers around the world with her delight in mathematics, motivating and inspiring them to draw the best from their students.
Ane Lintvedt has taught AP and on-level World History (and other courses) at McDonogh School in suburban Baltimore for over 25 years and is currently the department chair. She has scored both the World and European History AP exams and has been with the World History AP exam reading as a table leader and question leader since its inception. She has served on the test development committee for the SAT II in World History, on the College Board AP World Redesign Commission, as a College Board consultant, and has served as a member of the College Board Academic Advisory Board. Ane has written instructor's guides and student guides for several of the texts used in AP World History, has written many articles and papers on world history topics and pedagogy, and has presented papers at conferences of the World History Association, the National Council for the Social Studies, and the American Historical Association.
Joe Mancino has been teaching all levels of Physics at Windsor High in Connecticut for 12 years and has taught graduate courses for pre-service science teachers with the University of Connecticut Neag School of Education. He has been a reader and writer for the AP Physics exams since 2014. Recently, Joe co-authored the updated student guide to accompany the Serway and Vuille text. On Saturdays, Joe leads Physics review sessions throughout Connecticut through Project Opening Doors and Massachusetts with Mass Insight Education.
Robert Young McMahan
Dr. Robert McMahan is Professor of Music, as well as coordinator of Music Theory and Composition Studies and the Accordion Major, at The College of New Jersey. A graduate of the Peabody Institute of the Johns Hopkins University (BM, MM, DMA) and St. John’s College, he taught for many years at the Peabody Preparatory School, Towson University, Essex Community College, the College of Notre Dame, and the University of Maryland, Baltimore County. He is an award-winning composer, noted and recorded classical accordionist, and published music researcher. He has served as an AP reader and question leader for the AP Music Theory Examination and conducted numerous AP Music Theory high school consultancies in Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and New York.
Barbara Murphy taught AP English Language and other college-level courses at Jericho High School for over 24 years. She has been a reader of the AP Language and Composition exam since 1993 and is a consultant for AP English as well as the College Board’s Pre-AP programs. Currently on the faculty of Syracuse University’s Project Advance in English, she is co-author of two AP English review texts: 5 Steps to a 5: AP Language and 5 Steps to a 5: AP Literature, as well as Writing the AP English Essay and Writing an Outstanding College Application Essay, all published by McGraw-Hill. Her newest book is titled, Putting It Together: Researching, Organizing, and Writing the Synthesis Essay. She currently is researching and developing two new secondary English texts on the development of college-level skills of close reading, analytical writing, and critical thinking. After earning her B.A. from Duquesne University and M.A. from the University of Pittsburgh, Barbara did her doctoral coursework at Columbia University. She also holds professional certifications in still photography and motion-picture production and is one of the founding members of the women’s film company, Ishtar Films.
John Nici has been teaching AP Art History since 1991, and has been a reader, table leader and question leader for the exam since 1997. Possessing both a MA in English and a MA in Art History from Queens College, he has taught AP courses in these subjects at Lawrence High School in Cedarhurst, New York. At Queens College, he is an art history adjunct lecturer teaching two classes per term. In this capacity he has taught subjects as diverse as Medieval Art, Italian Renaissance Art, Neoclassicism and Romanticism, the Art of England, and American Art. He has delivered papers at international symposia at Siena College, Western Michigan University, Centre College and Indiana University, and has published scholarly articles on Delacroix and medieval art. For the College Board, he has led both one-day seminars and week-long workshops from California to Maine, including those at prestigious institutions such as Rice University and the Philadelphia Museum of Art, as well as for the state departments of education in West Virginia, Delaware, and the cities of Los Angeles and Rochester, New York. He is also a contributor to College Board professional development publications and is the author of Barron’s AP Art History. His most recent publication is Famous Works of Art—and How They Got that Way from Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.
Frazier O’Leary currently teaches AP English Language and Literature at Cardozo High School in Washington, D.C., and has taught English in Washington D.C. Public Schools for 45 years. He also is an assistant professor of English at the University of the District of Columbia. Frazier is a consultant for the College Board in English Language and Literature and is a table leader for AP Literature. He is a member of the board of the Toni Morrison Society and President of the PEN/Faulkner Foundation.
Maria Schmidt was the supervisor of social studies K-12 for the Westfield Public Schools in Westfield, N.J. She began teaching social studies at Westfield High School in 1972 and authored the curriculum and initiated the law-related education program and AP United States Government and Politics course there. She is an attorney, former adjunct professor of education at Seton Hall University and currently serves as a member of the Law-Related Education Committee of the NJ State Bar Foundation. Dr. Schmidt has served as a reader, table leader, and question leader at the annual scoring of the AP Government and Politics examination and currently serves as a consultant for the College Board, leading AP workshops and summer institutes throughout the United States. She authored the 1993 edition of the Teacher’s Guide for Courses in AP United States Government and Politics, and in 2002 and 2005 edited the fourth and fifth editions of Multiple-Choice and Free-Response Questions in Preparation for the AP United States Government and Politics Examination and the accompanying teacher’s manual. Over the past several years, she has worked with various publishers in developing AP U.S. Government and Politics teaching material ancillaries for use with their college-level U.S. Government textbooks.
Anne Soos is past head of the upper school at Stuart Country Day School of the Sacred Heart in Princeton, NJ. She currently teaches Environmental Science and AP Environmental Science and Honors Chemistry at The Hun School of Princeton. She has taught biology and chemistry at both the introductory and AP levels and has taught APES since the program was introduced in 1998. She has been an AP reader for biology and is currently a reader for environmental science. As an AP consultant, Anne has led a number of one-day AP workshops and, in addition to Goucher College, has led AP summer institutes at Rensselaerville, NY; Lewes, DE; La Salle University in Philadelphia, PA; and Middlesex County College in Edison, NJ. Anne has edited a number of APES review books for various publishers.
Joann holds a Bachelor of Science in Art Education from Northern Illinois University and a Master’s Degree in Science in Art Education from Northeast Missouri State University. In addition, graduate credits have been earned from Carleton College, Maryland School of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, and the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. Joann is a contributor to the National Vertical Team Guide for AP Studio Art. She has been a College Board consultant for AP Studio Art for over 10 years and an APSA College Board reader for 15 years. She established the first AP Studio Art classes at Clinton High School and edited the district Art Curriculum Guide. She is currently the district curriculum chair in Clinton, Iowa, for the Visual Arts. She has presented at both AP and Pre-AP Studio Art Institutes since 2001 in Colorado, Illinois, Florida, Maine, Maryland, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Vermont, and Washington.
A teacher and department head at the Yeshiva of Greater Washington in Silver Spring, MD since 1980, Pamela Wolfe has been teaching AP European History for 29 years and has taught the AP Human Geography course since its inception in 2001. She served as an AP reader for European History for 15 years and as a table leader for 6 years. She was on the AP Test Development Committee, which writes the AP European History exams. She runs College Board programs in AP European History and AP Human Geography and teaches AP Summer Institutes for teachers in both subjects at schools such as Manhattan College, Goucher College, Rutgers University, University of South Florida, the College of William and Mary, and Penn State University. In the past two years she has been a co-author of the McGraw-Hill OnBoard Program for AP Human Geography, has helped rewrite Spielvogel’s Western Civilization textbook, and has co-authored the book Fast Track to a Five-AP European History and the Cengage online test bank for AP European History. She has served as a consultant for textbook companies, reviewing Human Geography texts and online programs for AP students in AP European History, AP World History, AP US History and AP Psychology.