A Message From the Director

At this time, I am pleased to present the collected abstracts of the action research projects conducted by the Masters of Education students spanning the years 2000-2004.  Day in and day out, the dedication and enthusiasm of our graduate student researchers excites and challenges me in my role as Director of Graduate Programs, and I am continually impressed with the depth and variety of our students’ research endeavors.   Studies conducted in both public and private schools as well with home schooling and alternative schools are represented here.  Studies of gifted and talented education, inclusion, reading readiness, and writing fluency are all included.  From athletic motivation to academic achievement, from preschool to college, from math to French, and from vocabulary to music, our students consider the many faces of education.  As our Graduate Programs in Education continue to grow and flourish, we will strive to have our students broaden their scope of study even further so as to deepen our collective impact on Maryland’s learners. 

With gratitude for the hard work involved and pride in the body of knowledge the synopses represent, I present to you these abstracts.  

Sincerely,
Phyllis M. Sunshine, PhD.
September 2004

SUMMARIES OF PAPERS
The Effects of Foreign Language Study on SAT Verbal Scores
KARL ADLER

The Effect of Math Clubs on Mathematics Achievement and Attitudes Toward Mathematics of Eighth-Grade Females
SHONIQUE L. ALEXANDER

The Effects of Mentoring on the Academic Achievement and Behaviors of Middle School African American Males
KARA ANNONIO

The Effects of the Second Step Violence Prevention Program on the Climate and Discipline in a Suburban Middle School
RUSSELL A. AUSTIN

Reading Motivations:  A Study of Fourth-Grade Students and the Factors Influencing Their Tendency to Read for Pleasure
LAUREN BARNET

The Effects of Occupational Stressors, Locus of Control, and Teaching Efficacy on the Attrition Rate of Special Education Teachers
ELIZABETH BAUMMER

The Effects of Cooperative Homework Teams on Homework Completion and Accuracy of Sixth Graders
LISA BAYLIFF

The Effects of Interscholastic Athletics on Academic Achievement
BEN BERQUIST

The Effects of Engaging Teaching Strategies on the Academic Achievement of At-Risk High School Students in French Class
MARIE-GABRIELLE NGONO BINELLI

The Effects of Mentoring on the Academic Achievement of At-Risk African American Male Students
RODRICK L. BINGHAM

The Effects of Comprehending Expository Text in Content Reading Through Direct Instruction of SQ3R Strategy
CHANTA’ MONIQUE BOOKER

Increasing Homework Effectiveness:  An Examination of Adult-Guided Intervention on Students who Fail to Complete Homework Regularly
CHRISTINE BOWERS

The Effects of a School-Wide Vocabulary Program on Eighth Grade Reading Achievement
ABIGAIL BREISETH

The Relationship Between Instrumental Music Instruction and Achievement in Mathematics Among Fifth-Grade Students
BETH L. BRODSKY

The Effects of “Earobics” on Phonemic Awareness Achievement of a Third-Grade Student With Speech and Language Disabilities
TONI BROOKS

The Effects of Parental Involvement With Math Homework on the Achievement of Fifth-Grade Students
MICHELE BROOM

The Effects of Supported Contextual Reading Instruction on the Reading Achievement of a Student With a Reading Disability
SUSAN BROUSSEAU

The Characteristics of Incarcerated Youth With Successful GED Experiences
GAYLE Y. BROWN

The Effects of Co-Curricular Activities on the Academic Achievement of Students
JANICE E. BROWN 

The Effects of Journal Writing on the Math Anxiety Levels of Eighth Graders
IVY BURKLEW

The Effects of Home Visits on Lower Achieving Middle School Students
SHERI L. BURTON

Enrichment Through Problem Solving
MELVINA BYRD 

The Effects of Looping on the Reading Achievement of First-Grade Students
LESLIE J. CAIN

The Effects of Interscholastic Athletics on Absenteeism
CRAIG L. CAMPBELL JR.

The Relationship Between Coaching Leadership Styles and Athletes’ Satisfaction
KARA CARLIN

An Examination of the Relationship Between Teacher Mentors and First-Year Teacher Retention
KARYN CHISHOLM

The Effect of a Five Day Residential Environmental Education Program on Urban Middle School Students’ Environmental Knowledge
DAVID CHRISTOPHER

The Effects of Technology on Student Achievement and Maryland Functional Math Scores
MURIEL T. COLE-WEBBER

The Effects of the School Age Child Internship Program on the Academic Achievement and Attendance of Participating High School Seniors
ELIZABETH M. CONN

The Effects of Vocabulary Instruction on Fifth Grade Science Achievement
MEGHAN CONNELLY

The Effects of Coaching on Teacher Implementation of Instructional Strategies
RENEE COTTMAN

The Effects of a Contract System for Improving At-Risk Middle School Students’ School Performance
STACEY A. DEISE

The Effects of Higher Order Thinking Instruction in Reading on the Use of Higher Order Thinking in the Content Areas
DIANE BLACKWOOD DEVINCENT

The Effects of Prior Knowledge Activation and Connection on the Retention of Mathematical Concepts by Third-Grade Students
CHRISTINA M. DOUGLAS

Exploring the Decline in CTBS Math Scores Between Grades 2 and 4
JENNIFER L. DUNKLE

Teachers’ Perceptions about and Attitudes Toward Inclusion at Two Urban High Schools
ODESSA DUNSTON

The Effect of Color Coding on Over-Arm Throw Skill Acquisition With Moderately Mentally Retarded Students
CHARLES EISLER

The Effects of the Rising Scholar Program on the Academic Skills of African American High School Students
ERIC EISWERT

Learning Style Preferences of Collegiate Swimmers
CARL ERIKSON IV

The Effects of Behavior Modification in an Inclusion Classroom
ARGIE K. FACAROS

Predictors of Reading Success in First-Grade Students
TRICIA FIALKOWSKI

The Effect of Peer Tutoring on Spanish Translation Skills of Struggling Spanish I Students
SHAWN FLOYD

Enhancing Mathematics Instruction in Elementary Schools Through the Use of Cooperative Groups
KEVIN FOREMAN

The Effects of the POWER Writing Strategy on Learning Disabled Students’ Writing Skills
CHRISTOPHER E. FRENCH

The Effects of a School-Wide Behavior Management Plan on Student Office Referrals
LARRY FRIEND

The Impact of Participation in Collegiate Athletics on the Academic Success of Female Students of a Division III Liberal Arts College
SARA FULLER

Implementation of Title IX as Required Under the Equity in Athletics Disclosure Act at Two Maryland Universities
VINCENT FULLER

Determining the Extent of the Relationship Between Explicit Early Reading Activities With Second Graders and Their Reading Achievement
RENEE GARDINER

The Effects of Laboratory Investigations on the Achievement, Perceived Competence, and Enjoyment of High School Chemistry Students
JOY E. GOBRECHT

The Effects of Peer Tutoring Strategies on Reading Comprehension of Academically At-Risk Students
DONCHEZ PASLEY GRAHAM

The Effects of Team Performance on the Self-Esteem of Athletes
ALBERT GREEN

The Effects of Structured Activities on Student Reading Achievement
ELIZABETH GRENTHAL

Content Reading and Students With Learning Disabilities
PHILICIA L. GRIFFIN

The Effects of the Soar to Success Program on Intermediate Grade Students With Poor Reading Skills
HOPE M. GRIFFIN-JACKSON

Retention of Student-Athletes in Private Division III Liberal Arts Colleges in Maryland
MATTHEW CARL GROSSO

The Effect of the Accelerated Reading Incentive Program on Motivation and Attitudes of Second-Grade Male Readers
MEAGAN S. HALLENGREN

The Effects of the Second Step Violence-Prevention Program on the Problem Behavior and Teacher Perception of Second Grade Boys
DAMAN HARRIS

The Effects of Gender Discrimination on the Decline of Women Collegiate Coaches
MELISSA HEMPLE

The Effects of a Sensory Integration Program on Preschool Students With Language Disorders
SARA HERWECK

The Effects of Athletic Participation on the Academic Performance of High School Students
ANTONNIO HOCKADAY

The Impact of Participation in Collegiate Athletics on Academic Success of First-Year Female Students at a Division III Liberal Arts College
MARGARET HOLCOMB

The Escalating Kindergarten Curriculum and its Effect on School Readiness
SHARON HOOD

The Effects of the Reading Intervention Program in a Suburban Elementary School
NICOLE HUGHES

The Relationship Between Coaching Styles and Winning Percentages
JAMIE LYN R. IZDEBSKI

The Effects of an Intervention on the Biting Behavior of a Two-Year-Old Child
STACEY L. JOHNSON

An Examination of Teachers’ Perceptions of Social Skill Mastery and Overall Behavior of Kindergarten Students
NICOLE Y. JOYNER

The Effects of Cross-Age Peer Tutoring on an Emotionally Disturbed Student as a Tutor
AUDRA KAISER

The Effects of an At-Home Reading Intervention on the Reading Scores of Students With Reading Difficulties
YVONNE KANE

The Effects of Collaborative Writing on Writing Skills of Non-Motivated Writers
JULIE KATZ

The Effects of Teaching Mnemonic Techniques on Mathematical Achievement of Low Achieving Middle School Students
M. KATHLEEN KAUFMAN

The Effects of Team Teaching on Teacher Satisfaction
JENNIFER KEMMERER

Soar to Success Intervention:  Impact on Reading Comprehension for Middle School Students Receiving Daily Intervention
JOSEPHINE KOLAKOWSKI

The Effectiveness of Summer School Intervention for Middle School Students
JAMES P. KRAUS, JR.

Effects of Metacognitive Strategies on Achievement in a Text-Based Health Course
JEFFREY G. KRIMMEL

The Effects of a Token Economy System on Aggressive Behavior Exhibited by Fourth-Grade Students
RUTH LAFONTAINE

The Effects of Teaching Similarities and Differences in Order to Improve Higher Level Reading Comprehension
RONDA LAMBERT-JANISKI

The Effects of Impulsive and Reflective Learning Preferences on Baseball Players’ Batting Statistics
DAVID LANHAM

The Effectiveness of Preschool for the Migrant Child
SR. DENISE LAROCK, D.C.

The Effects of Non-Athletic Extracurricular Activities on the Self-Esteem of Adolescents With Dyslexia
DAVE LASALLE

Determining the Relationship Between the Suspension Rates of Athletes and Non-Athletes
BRIAN PATRICK LAYMAN

The Effects of an After-School Tutoring Program on Elementary School Students’ Academic Achievement
TINA JOY MACKEY

The Effects of a School-Wide Social Skills Training Program on the Number of Students Being Suspended
MARIA G. MACKIN

The Effects of Participation in an Adventure Ropes Course on Middle School Students’ Peer Interactions
MICHELLE MAHONEY

The Effect of the Read Naturally Program on Middle School Students’ Fluency and Comprehension
DAVID M. MAIMONE

The Effects of Verbal Interactions Between Parents and Their Daughters During Their Daughter’s Competitive Athletic Performance
KIMBERLEY JANE MARLOR

The Impact of High and Low Participation Levels in Extracurricular Activities on Academic Performance and Post High School Plans
JENNIFER ALLEN MARTINEZ

The Effects of Explicit Phonics Instruction on the Phonics Skills of Below Average Third-Grade Students
SHARON MASON

The Effects of the Soar to Success Reading Intervention on the Reading Comprehension of Learning Disabled Students
MELVIN S. MATHIS


The Effects of Single-Sex Math Classrooms on the Mathematics Achievement of At-Risk Female Students
CHARLYNE G. MAUL

The Effect of Web-Based and Power Point Instruction on Fourth-Grade Students’ Social Studies Recall
MELISSA LORRAINE MCCOMAS

The Effects of Group Size on Students’ Achievement in a Reading Intervention Program
MICHELE E. MCMAHON

Using the Elementary School Experience as an Opportunity for Reducing Academic Failure Among At-Risk Fourth-Grade Students
GREGORY J. MCNEIL

A Study in Reading Improvements of Students With Learning Disabilities
JENNIFER R. MILLER

The Effects of the Bigger Faster Stronger and High Intensity Training Programs on Strength Gains in High School Students
BRIAN MOEN

Identifying Gifted and Talented Students With Verbal and Nonverbal Measures
JOYCE MORRIS

Teacher and Student Perception of Teacher Behavior
EUGENE MORTORFF

The Effect of Systematic Visual Supports to Support Learning Independence of Toileting Skills in a Four-Year-Old Child With Developmental Delay
VALERIE A. MOSCOSO

The Effect of Increased Vocabulary and Language on Students’ Reading Comprehension
JOHANNA MULLALLY

Differences in the Level of Group Cohesion Between Female Coacting and Interacting Teams
CHARLEATA RENEE NEAL

The Effect of the CPC Method on Content Area Reading
GEORGE A. NEWBERRY

The Effects of Story Mapping on Students With Learning Disabilities
MOLLY O’BRIEN

The Effects of Reading Aloud to Fourth-Grade Students on Motivation
BRIANNE O’CONNELL

The Effects of an Extended Day Program on Literacy Development
EMILY PALMERINO

The Effects on Middle School Boys’ Behaviors of Participation in Contact Versus Non-Contact Sports
MARK S. PALMERINO JR.

The Effects of the CPC Method on Sixth-Grade Learning Disabled Mathematics Students
MARGUERITE L. PARKER

The Effects of Skillstreaming on the Development of Prosocial Skills in Preschool Children
TERESA ANDREWS PEARSON

The Relationship Between Grade Point Average and International Baccalaureate Programme Diploma Holders
JESSICA HIRSH PECHHOLD

The Effects of Athletic Participation on the Academic Performance of High School Students
RYAN PFLUGRAD

The Effects of Teaching the Identification of Similarities and Differences on Third-Grade Students’ Reading Comprehension
LAURIE PORTS

The Effects of Athletic Participation on the High School Female Mathematics Student
JEANNINE RAILEY

The Academic Effects of Student Engagement in Ninth Grade Honors Biology I
TERI A. RAY

The Effects of an Intervention Program to Change the Behaviors of Violent Teenage Girls
SHEILA DEVENICE REED

The Effects of Art Education on the Academic Achievement and Behavior of Sixth-Grade Students
KATHLEEN REEDY

The Connection Between Expenses and Athletic Success
MARCY RHUE

The Effect of a Token Economy on Workout Attendance During the Baltimore Ravens 2003 Strength and Conditioning Program
PAUL RICCI

The Intrinsic and Extrinsic Value of Instrumental Music Instruction on Standardized Mathematics and Reading Scores of Third-Grade Students
COLLEEN RIGOT

The Effect of a Middle School Intervention Program on Students at Risk of School Failure
BRENDAN G. ROGERS

The Effects of Moral Education on the Racial Tolerance and Civic Responsibility Attitudes of Eighth-Grade Middle School Students
KAREN C. ROJAS

The Effects of After-School Sports Programs on Locus of Control of Young Adolescents
AARON ROSE

The CPC Way and Reading Comprehension
AMY ROSENKRANS

The Effectiveness of the School-To-Work Program on Class Attendance and Course Achievement of At-Risk High School Students
SALVATORE F. SARCONE

Time Management and Study Skills for College Student-Athletes
JAKE SAUER

Consultative vs. Co-Teaching Models of Inclusion
LYNN L. SAVAGE

The Effects of WebQuests on Dimensions of Learning 3 and 4 Achievement of Middle School Students in an Alternative School Setting
CANDYCE L. SCHMIDT

The Effects of Health, Wellness, and Fitness Courses on Body Image in College-Aged Females
TIM SCHNEIDER

Investigation Into Graduation Rates of Division I Male Basketball Players
MARK SCHULER

The Effects of Error Correction on the Spelling Achievement of Fourth-Grade Students
OCTAVIA SCOTT

The Impact of Regular Physical Activity via Physical Education on Body Composition and Weight Among Adolescent Females
KELLI SCOTT-MARSH

Retaining Quality Teachers
FRANCES M. SEMAN

Repeated Reading and Fifth Graders’ Reading Fluency
SUE SERGEANT

The Effect of a Montessori School Primary Program on Reading Readiness Skills
AMANDA C. SERRA

Attitudes about Foreign Language Instruction With Primary Grade Students
TAKAKO SHIN

The Effect of Participation in Physical Education on Academic Achievement of Middle School-Age Males
JOHN W. SIEMSEN

An Examination of why Teachers Leave the Teaching Profession
MIRIAM SINGER

The Effects of Mini-lessons in Writing Strategies Combined With the Assistive Technology Program Write: OutLoud on the Writing and Fluency Skills of a Learning Disabled Student
TERRI O. SMITH

A Comparison of the Effect of Two Methods of Second-Language Vocabulary Instruction on Vocabulary Acquisition and Retention
WENDY SNYDER

How the Completion or Non-Completion of a Kindergarten Summer Skills Review Packet Relates to Reading Levels of First-Grade Entrants
JENNIFER STAIRS

Syntax and Semantics:  A Comparison of Traditional and Modern Methods of Achieving Fluent and Clear Prose
JOHN STEVENS

The Effects of Horticulture on Locus of Control of Learning Disabled Students
MARTHA C. STRAUS

The Differences in the Attitudes and Beliefs of Parents who Send Their Children to Parochial School and Those who Choose to Home School Their Children
VIRGINIA SUTHERIN

The Effects of Using the Open Court Reading Intervention Program on Second-Grade Students’ Reading Performance
LISA TERZOLINO

Monitored Versus Non-Monitored Strength and Conditioning Programs
JON THOMAS TORPEY

The Effects of Eligibility Requirements for Interscholastic Athletic Participation on the Academic Performance of High School Student Athletes
JEFF WALEN

The Effect of After-School Programs on the Academic Achievement of Primary School Students
ESTHER L. WALLACE

Utilization of Program of Actions and Methods for Mass Spectroscopy Data Interpretation in the Organic Chemistry Laboratory
DARCIE WALLACE-DUCKWORTH

The Effects of Laboratory Investigations on the Ability to Improve the Problem Solving Skill of Drawing Inferences
MARY JEAN WARD

The Effects of Social Skills Training on a Third-Grade Mentally Retarded Child in an Inclusion Class
ERICA M. WATERS

The Effects of a Peer Mediation Program on Students who Have Been Diagnosed With Severe Emotional Disturbance
LAURA WELLS

Case Study of Internal Motivation in a Montessori Classroom
JAYME WESTROM

Increasing Parent Involvement in the Urban High School
CHERYL WHITE

The Effects of Inactivity and Childhood Obesity on Elementary School Children
RICHARD J. WILHELM II

The Effect of the Single-Sex Classroom on the Academic Achievement and Perceived Ability of Seventh-Grade Girls
BERNADETTE WILLIAMSON-TAYLOR

The Effects of Montessori and Head Start Environments on the Social-Emotional
Development of Preschool-Aged Children
DONNA J. WISE

Teachers’ Perceptions of Parental Involvement Programs
AMY BETH WISWALL

The Effects of Educational Services on Juvenile Drug Offenders
DERRICK WITHERSPOON

Negative Adult Intervention and its Effect on Youth Participation in Out-of-School Athletic Activities
MICHAEL C. WOODS

Specific Strategies and Interventions to Decrease Problem Classroom Behavior in an Alternative Learning Center
SHARON A. WOODS